Thursday, September 3, 2020
Early Prevention is Key in Reducing Bullying at an Earlier Age Beginning at youthful ages there are menaces. They grow early and frequently never develop out of that stage, but instead it just increments with time and age so the wrongdoings become increasingly genuine. This is the reason it is important to target kids with their unpleasant or fierce inclinations before it gains out of power. Kids as a rule transform into menaces for reasons, for example, needing consideration, needing power, low confidence, failure to control outrage, vengeance, or even to be well known. Fame comes to menaces in grade school since understudies who like and are enjoyed by the domineering jerk will in all probability not be troubled, so it turns into a wellbeing issue. With this last point particularly, it just urges the tormenting to proceed. Casualties of menaces for the most part have something remarkable about them that may appear as though motivation to be disparaged. This incorporates things as straightforward as having supports or glasses, being exceptionally bashful, or in any event, for being what understudies may consider to be 'excessively savvy.' Not just are menaces the ones who grow up to cause issues, however the casualties do too. In the event that a kid is continually singled out and ridiculed, their confidence could fall. This could make them transform into a harasser only so as not to be tormented any longer, or they could be headed to endless activities that could influence schools. There was an instance of a very keen kid named Nathan who was additionally overweight. He felt that once he entered center school the children would have grown up and he would meet new and more pleasant individuals. It worked out that it just deteriorated in center school and he was pushed past his cutoff. He took a firearm to class one day and shot himself before different understudies (... ...etrieved April 22, 2009 from http://www.libertarianrock.com/themes/school/no_drug_test_after_fighting.html Zewe, C. (2008, August 4). Rough schools: recognition or reality? Recovered April 23, 2002 from http://www.cnn.com/US/9808/24/school.violence/ Jane?s Information Group (2001, April 19). Reacting to acts of mass violence. Recovered May 2, 2002 from http://www.janes.com/security/international_security/news/jssh/jssh020429_1_n.shtml Data about the ongoing mass shooting in a German school by a multi year old kid. Lemonick, M. D., Wallace, C. P. (2002, May 6). Germany?s columbine. Time, 36. Recovered April 28, 2002 from Ebscohost. Kyl, J. (2008, June 1). American needs to kick off the war on drugs. Inside Tucson Business 8(10), 5. Recovered April 28, 2002 from Ebscohost. Measurements on sedate use in secondary schools, demonstrating we have to support it.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Question: Examine about the Key Concepts in Human Resource Management. Answer: Presentation Human asset the executives (HRM) is internationally very much idea out to be a critical method to improve tasks and hierarchical execution. Human asset experts normally assume a fundamental job in adding to the accomplishment of a business or firm through successful improvement of strategies that line up with the associations objectives, crucial qualities Renwick, Redman, and Maguire (2013). HRM mirrors a major, halfway point of view on nature of business relationship. This paper tries to basically investigate the companion survey diary Human Resource Management, Theology and Meaningful Work by Sandrine Frmeaux and Grant Michelson. The basic investigation involves the key focuses, contentions, statements, and appraisal of the creators look into. Significant business HRM endeavor to relate worker the executives practices and strategies with the association viability. HRM has been blamed that it isn't vocal on the perspectives and conduct of workers. The greater part of the HRM appears to stress on the thought that representatives are not people but rather assets thus laborers treated as stocks. HR experts ought to be equipped for making a domain where significant work can occur, however they arent ready to deliver importance work to upgrade association and inspiration. Associations are viewed as commendable in the event that it regards mankind in its workers as the end and not implies, subsequently the representatives ought to have the fitting autonomy to have the option to upgrade their wants. The normal comprehension is that what a few people share is being human in this manner having human instinct is noteworthy in HRM (Kramar 2014). Important work has attributes, for example, giving satisfactory compensation, permitting r epresentatives autonomy, isn't coercive and bolster moral turn of events. As indicated by Renwick, Redman, and Maguire (2013), associations should rehearse the five degrees of human quality treatment which incorporates abuse, lack of interest, equity, care, and advancement. It isn't sensible to consider the HR independent responsible for guaranteeing that there is important work since it is reliant on representatives want to significant work. Workers may want to be paid huge bundle of compensations with and less importance. Important work encounters are gainful to both the representatives and the associations. Representatives who feel that their work is inane are probably going to stop their occupations since they dont see a connection among them and the association (Jonck Swanepoel 2015). Important work is connected to noble work. Noble work is interconnected physically to sensible pay rates, employer stability and work-life balance. The importance of the work is identified with putting balance between different responsibilities and paid work. A profound perspective on significance at work involves otherworldly sources, for example, getting self, communicating and serving others. Guerci (2015) attest that HR professionals focus on helping the workers a nd association to accomplish excellent greatness. HR approaches and other administration rehearses that are seen to be constrained have the probability of causing weightiness regardless of its expectation making HR specialists to confront difficulties. Thite (2013) indicate that HR experts are good examples and in this way have an impact in building up an association. It is feasible for the HRM to make a situation where there is significant work. Associations that demand making important work through their HR, the associations must form for their representatives, a significant work understanding, know about how it works and oversee it. Work is conceivable to express a representatives social personality and help in overpowering existing life challenges. The religious philosophy of work gives a significant importance of important work. Creating and getting self in Christian philosophy is gotten from a God-like way and not from a representatives activities. The exploration challenges the assessment of the sound man that people would act in accordance with their enthusiasm to satisfy their own needs. Philosophical reflection challenges religion of the procedure and reestablishes certainty on workers. Philosophical discernment gives a relational and hopeful perspective on work that it is alright when gone to other people. Note that people are not intends to accomplish results inside HRM yet end in themselves. The impulse of work doesn't make a helpful reason for an association. The individuals who are accepted to be obsessive workers as much as their associations give them numerous contemplations, it brings about them not offering significance to their work. Grasping of significant work is stressed in differed ways however it isn't feasible for this to be executed apparently. At the point when significant work is looked with an outward viewpoint, it relies upon the individual taking a gander at it. The association among HRM and morals has been a subject of conversation of late occasions. There have been different events as brought up by Jack, Greenwood, and Schapper (2012), that included moral outrages in a few associations all around that pull in critical consideration. A few organizations are subsequently made to embrace an assortment of HRM rules and practices to make obvious their workforce commitments in accordance with comparable game plans. This paper looks to fundamentally dissect the companion survey diary Agonism and the Possibilities of Ethics for HRM via Carl Rhodes and Geriant Harvey. The basic investigation involves the key focuses, contentions, statements, and appraisal of the creators inquire about. The morals of HRM is ruled by two lines of assault which incorporate one at large scale level which is related with HRM inserted values and the second at smaller scale level involving HRM rehearses identified with morals. HRM work should work in a way that guarantees hierarchical ethical quality most definitely. The HRM is the end resort where concordance between the association and representatives are set. There is a thought that the HR ought to be the associations moral watchman of the associations morals. HRM isn't just a training yet additionally a wide methodology through which the HR specialists can acknowledge and coordinate their preparation. Representatives can be rebuffed if their conduct defies the associations guidelines/values. The morals inside HRM is decidedly and significantly connected to issues of representative control and execution. Representatives ought to be agreeable authoritatively, and complicit by they way they carry on at their working environment. Associations are in a situation to and should attempt to control and impact singular morals and moral prejudice. Hard HRM thinks that HRM is a methodology with the reason for existing being to accomplish advantage for capital from the human asset (Caldwell et al. 2011). The misuse of the hard HRM model has morally brought up issues that different associations top administrators support it. Ethically, what is accepted to be moral at the top administration, essentially when it identifies with work esteems, it at that point consequently gets moral for the laborers. Renwick, Redman, and Maguire (2013) state that HRM takes the commitment of ensuring that profound quality of laborers relations is impartial in that all that isn't moral is put inside an administrative capacity that is proper to direct and control the morals. The necessity for moral activity is introduced when there is no understanding and when the association regulates the oppression of distinction. In separating moral accord, strife is imperative to the association since it is fundamental for majority rule government if there are contrasts to be communicated and restricted. Agonism towards HRM emerges when there is a protection from associations force and authority and their implementation of non-debatable moral qualities. End HR experts should be acquainted with the fundamental morals both in their associations and country. The nature empowers the HRM to arrange choices that they make and different offices in their associations. A moral issue doesn't come out when the HRM attempts to control their ethical frameworks, yet when they are addressed through outside opposition. There are potential outcomes of connection among's HRM and morals that doesn't put HRM as the reason or referee of hierarchical morals, however a player in socio-moral relations. Rundown of References Caldwell, C, Truong, D, Linh, P, Tuan, A 2011, 'Key Human Resource Management as Ethical Stewardship',Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 171-182. Accessible from: 10.1007/s10551-010-0541-y. [3 April 2018]. Costea, B, Amiridis, K, Crump, N 2012, 'Graduate Employability and the Principle of Potentiality: An Aspect of the Ethics of HRM',Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 25-36. Accessible from: 10.1007/s10551-012-1436-x. [3 April 2018]. Guerci, M, Radaelli, G, Siletti, E, Cirella, S, Rami Shani, A 2015, 'The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices and Corporate Sustainability on Organizational Ethical Climates: An Employee Perspective',Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 325-342. Accessible from: 10.1007/s10551-013-1946-1. [3 April 2018]. Jack, G, Greenwood, M, Schapper, J 2012, 'Wildernesses, Intersections and Engagements of Ethics and HRM',Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 1-12. Accessible from: 10.1007/s10551-012-1427-y. [3 April 2018]. Jonck, P, Swanepoel, E 2015, 'Investigating the hypothetical connection among social and passionate insight: A framework examination for human asset management',South African Journal of Business Management, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 77-83. Kramar, R 2014, 'Past key human asset the executives: is feasible human asset the executives the following approach?',International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1069-1089. Accessible from: 10.1080/09585192.2013.816863. [3 April 2018]. Renwick, DW, Redman, T, Maguire, S 2013, 'Green Human Resource Management: A Review and Research Agenda
Friday, August 21, 2020
Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer appeared on the scene at 4.34pm on the 21st of May at the Evangelical Deaconess Hospital in Milwaukee 1960. Little did his folks know at the hour of his introduction to the world that there child would get one of America's most notorious sequential executioners, not just for the measure of casualties which he had killed, yet in addition for dissecting them and his odd inclinations. Jeffrey's youth began like some other, he had two guardians who cherished and revered there child beyond a reasonable doubt. They would give him what ever his heart wanted. Joyce Dahmer began a piece book on her child recording occasions that occurred in his life, his initial step, his first mishap, his first tooth, his first hair style and even his first chastening. While Jeffrey was still youthful his dad worked extended periods of time in his research center and his mom functioned as a machine educator. In any case, the conveying of Jeffrey had been difficult for Joyce Dahmer and e ach easily overlooked detail appeared to disturb her. So Lionel being the spouse that he was and needing the best for his significant other chose to move to his moms house in West Allis, however the break's in the marriage begun to show early. There were consistent battles among Joyce and Lionel Dahmer and Jeffrey acknowledged every one of these battles. Little did they understand that there steady battling would be one reason for Jeffrey's defeat and possible breakdown into freak wrongdoings. A brief timeframe before Jeffrey's fourth birthday celebration, Jeffrey was determined to have a twofold hernia that should have been worked on. This activity left Jeffrey feeling open and presented no one disclosed to him what was happening. He felt terrified by the activity, complete outsiders coming up to him and investigating his body. This experience is said to have denoted his subliminal for eternity. In any case, similar to each and every kid of Jeffrey's age he was much the same as any other person climbing apple trees, riding his bicycle and playing in coal residue and getting back home filthy. Despite the fact that he was horrendously modest while growing up he over came this in time, and had a typical public activity at sc hool. When Jeffrey turned six his mom brought forth a second child who she called David. Despite the fact that this didn't dramatically affect Dahmer's life he remained basically unbiased to his brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s presence and they never turned out to be close. When of his subsequent child's introduction to the world Lionel Dahmer and his family moved into there own home at 4480 West Bath Road, encompassed by open timberland where Jeffrey could lose himself in a universe of pretend.
Tuesday, June 9, 2020
In order to do the international business, there are many dimensions that we need to concern to avoid the following risk; commercial, currency, country, and cross-culture. Each dimension has an impact on the business both direct and indirect way. Among these dimensions, the most importance thing is the culture especially for the insurance business like us, because the typical style of insurance is directly deal with people. Each one might have their own personality which is different even inside one country. International business means that you need to deal with people from different countries, different nationalities, and different languages. This is the most challenging things for us, who never have any experiences abroad, to awareness. Culture relates to a system of shared assumptions, believes, and values that guide people. It appears in term of behaviors, statements, and material items. It can be transmitted from generation to generation which may adapt overtime. There are many people define the definitions of culture, for example Hofstede, the Dutch anthropologist, states culture as the collective mental programming of people. There is no right or wrong in culture, different nationalities have difference cultures. Some of them are normally do in this culture, but not in the other culture. For example in Thai, we always greeting by Wai, but the western always greeting by shaking hand. Cultur e is not about individual behavior. Only one person does, we do not call as culture. Culture is a groups, that people shared values and meaning as in the society, country, nationality. Furthermore culture cannot inherit; people realized from the social environment. We can be perceived the culture by recognize the behavior from our parents or family. We can also learn the rules and behavioral patterns in the society or adapt to a culture by our own experience. To learn the culture is not easy, there is a research compare culture as an iceberg. Above the surface, the certain characteristic are visible, we easily recognize them. Below the surface is massive base of assumptions, attitudes, and values that influence decision making, conflict, relationships, etc. We have to spend more time to recognize it because these things you need to perceived them by your own feeling. All of these dimensions have an impact on doing international business in every process. Firstly, when you decided to expand your business, you have to know your customer well, what they want and need, in order to serve them the right products and services. You have to communicate your objective to the foreign business partner. In this process is really importance, because if you miscommunication, it will be risk that you can lose your business partner. To start up the international business, the local partner is crucial, because we are not familiar with their culture. We need someone, who familiar to the market, help us to expand our business in that country. Next step is screening and selecting the business partners. Everyone want to do the business with the best partners, if conditions not agree by all, we need to negotiate. Challenging in doing the international business is to deal with the people from different countries and different cultures. We have to know and prepare ourselves before get into the international market. You have to keep in mind that even in the same country but diffe rent location, their culture or traditional might not similar. From the Edward T.Hall, a researcher, classified two classic dimensions of culture which are high- and low-context culture. The context refers to the situation, or environment that connected to an event, a situation, or an individual. A high-context culture stresses on the physical aspects, the closer relationship, and the more high-context communication. This is an indirect way of communication, maintaining of harmony, and careful not to embarrass or offend others. In the other hand the low-context is much stress on spoken words, open, direct, and base on the true feeling. Mostly European and North American are low-context culture, but the Eastern Asia has a high-context culture. High Context Cultures Japan Arab Countries Greece Spain Italy England France North America Scandinavian Countries German-speaking Countries Low Context Cultures Source: Hall, E. and M. Hall (1990) Understanding Cultural Differences Another famous natural cultural classification is the Hofstedes cultural classification. He explained about the national and regional cultural which has an impact on the behavior in societies. He classified characteristics into five dimensions; Individualism-collectivism, Power distance, Uncertainty avoidance, Masculinity-femininity, and Long-term and short-term orientation. In each type of culture dimension has an affect tour business so it is very importance for us to know and understand the people in each type very well. We can also classify our customers in each country and adapt our business to suit to the culture in that country. The first group is individualism and collectivism. Individualism is the characteristics of person that tends to focus on his/her own self-interest, in contrast with the collectivism. In collectivism, group is very importance. They normally compromise and conformity in ord er to maintain group harmony. Asian country mostly have high rate of collectivism, so doing the business with Asians need to consider in this point. For the insurance business, you need to notice that not only one person can desired to sign a contact with us. The insurance packages that cover in group or all family members may be a good choice in Asia, but you cannot use the same strategy in Europe or America. Because in Europe or America has very high individualism rate. The second group is power distance. Society with a high power distance has a wide gap between powerful and weak. There is relatively different in equalities. For example, in the high-power distance team, the leader has a strong influence over their members, which have a low level of autonomy. The low-power distance means minimal in gap. This kind of cultural, everyone in society seems to equal, not much differences between managers and employees. The United States scores relatively low on power distance. The third group is uncertainty avoidance. This group is directly affects to our business, insurance business. The high uncertainty avoidance, people are tried to minimize the risk and ensure the security. The insurance business created for transferring and reducing the risk of loss, which directly receive from one entity to the others, by exchanging for payment. Insurance is one form of a risk management. Every company must have to plan for risk, to prevent their company from loss or bankrupt. Also with the person, especially in the countries which has high uncertainty avoidance, the society cannot accept in something that risky. In order to minimize or reduce level of uncertainty, these countries have adopted and implemented strict rules, laws, regulations, and policies. So, these countries should be our target group. When the characteristic of society tend to avoid the risk, they absolutely find something to guarantee that they will not loss or reduce their risk of loss. The more unce rtainty avoidance, the more security they want. In the other hand, the low uncertainty avoidance, people in the societies can be accepted to uncertainty. They can make decisions quickly because they like to take a risk; the risky choice always comes up with the huge interests. The forth group is masculine and feminine culture. The masculine is the characteristics that have more competition, ambition, and accumulation of wealth. The masculinity express as self-confidence, and leadership in the business. The feminine is more concern and care for the poor people, nurturing roles, and interdependence among people. Doing the insurance business is partly dealing with the feminine culture. The fifth one is long-term and short-term orientation. The long-term orientation is the characteristic that people tends to take a long view of planning and living, which traditional of Asian culture. Moreover they also try to follow the plan for easily to solve the problem, if there is something w rong. When we have a plan, we will know the exactly way that we have to go and the possibility result. If the result is not good as we expected, we have to re-check the plan. The short-term is the opposite side to long-term, they always no plan or have a plan in very short period. Culture in my opinion it not just only the norms, believes, or behaviors, in addition I think that custom, religion, even the language also effect on the business. In the Islam societies, the religion is really importance. It is the root of laws, regulations, economics and politics. Religion has the most powerful influence on the society. Language is essential of communications. This is a great asset in international business because it facilitates cross-cultural understanding. If we missed in communication, the business goal might not be achieved. There are two types of language, which are the verbal and non-verbal language. The verbal language is the general speaking language. It is difference in each country. The same word in difference in language can represent the difference meaning. In the international business they normally use English as the middle language to avoid misunderstand. The non-verbal language or body-language is the language that represent via the behavior not wording, for example eye contact, movement. I think this is more difficult than verbal language, because it does not have in the lesson. They need to study by themselves from their past experiences. In my opinion, to get into the global market is not difficult, if we prepare ourselves well. These memo try to explain to you about how importance of the culture. I think that before expand the business into international market; our company has to study more about culture. It some countries, they believe or behave in the difference way. For example, if you point a finger to somebody, it means that you are very rude and they would not accept you. If we does not notice about this, our business might not be successes in that country. Hopefully this information might be useful for our company expanding our business into the international market. If you have any question or want some more information, please do not hesitate to tell me - Case 2 : What should be the principal features of improving methodology for picking countries? Answer: The screening and selecting countries is essential step for the firms to expand their business. According to the list of countries that the boss believes hold the greatest potential for international sales, he used the per capita income as an analysis indicators. In my opinion, I thought that it not always true that the high income country will buy the luxury car. I might be the possibility that the high income country will have more potential to support the very high price of luxury car, but it also has some possibility that these countries not interested in this kind of automobiles. Nowadays, there are many countries tend to concern more on the environmental because of the threated of green-house effect. They trend to use the eco automobiles, the save energy and environmental friendly automobiles. It has an impact directly to our company if we selected the wrong target, be cause we sell our product to the customers who do not want to buy. So the result is that no one will buy our products. Therefore, to successful expand the sell into foreign market company needs to concern on more than one dimension. However, the purchasing power still has to be concern because our products are the luxury automobiles. To sell luxury automobiles in the country that does not have enough money to support, it might be no one buys them too. The economics of the country is still being an important factor for our company. They are four main factors that company needs to focus on the international business; economics, culture, legal and political, and commercial. From the bosss list countries, it seems that boss concern on only economic side. I think that per capita income is the interesting indicators for our business as the boss did. But he forgot the crucial factor which is purchasing power parity. He should use the purchasing power parity exchange rates, rather tha n market exchange rate. The different thing is that purchasing power parity (PPP) provides a more realistic indictor of purchasing power of consumers. PPP states that exchange rate between two countrys currencies are balance when their purchasing power is the same in each country. For example, if the value of Baht falls by half when compared to Euro, the GDP measured in Euros also fall half. In fact, it does not mean that Thailand is poorer by a half. The PPP is the very useful in the countries which have a powerful government control over their economics because these countries, the government will hide the information that represent the bad image for their country and demonstrate only the good image or they might be some transaction that not recorded in the government list. We can call as informal economy, the unrecorded economic transaction and left out of government calculation. Moreover using GDP, a representation of income distribution does not accurately because of multiple w age earners. There is another interesting concept, which similar to PPP is the Big Mac Index, developed by Economist. This concept states that exchange rates should adjust to equal the price of basket of goods and services around the world. It comes from the hamburgers at McDonalds, which the price of Big Mac, kind of hamburger, is the same in all around the world. I think that this principle will be more efficiency methodology for our business, in order to measure the economics of the country. It might be more accurately and reasonably measurement. Investment type is one thing that need to concern. If the company selected countries for sourcing, the company would search for countries that have available materials. The exporting firm should selected countries with low tariff barrier, and steady demand. If the company searches for FDI, the company has to search for countries that have long-term growth and the potential for export. We can classify countries based on the economic de velopment into three types; Advanced economics, Developing economies, Emerging Market economies. The Advanced economies or Developed countries are described the post-industrial countries which has a high per capita income (GDP), high competitive in industries, high- developed commercial infrastructure, and high rating of Human Development Index (HDI). The last criterion is the most recently index, which combines an economic measure, national income, with other measures. This is an index that life expectancy and education. The Developing economics are low-income countries with limited or low levels of well-being, industrialization, and low developing rate. The Emerging market economies are partly of the former developing economies that achieved substantial industrialization, improved in standard of living, modernization, and growing in economic. These countries are improving to become an advance economic. The Emerging markets are interested by investors, because of fast growing econo mic. Among the three criteria the Emerging market countries is the most interesting and attractive countries as target markets, according to the growing of middle class, which represent demand for many industrials such as electronics, health care service, and automobiles. There is the report indicated that the largest emerging markets have doubled their share of world imports in the last few years. Moreover, in the emerging market countries, the governments and state enterprises are very big target for sale of infrastructure and related products, machinery, transportation equipment, high-technology products, etc., because of they are trying to improve and level up their countries. The high in return always come up with high risk, so the investments in emerging market is risky due to problems, such as political instability, limited equity opportunities, and currency volatility. In the culture dimension, some companies are selected country that has culture similar to their home country, such as language, religion, etc., in order to get into the market easily. If they selected these countries they do not have to spend more time to study and get used to this kind of culture. To be successful in business, the firms need to understand their target group. The basic step for starting the business in the countries which is not familiar is starting with the gate way countries or regional hubs which are the entry points to nearby markets. The political and legal in country are the conditions that investors cannot overlook. The stability of political system effects on company operations and profitability. In some countries, government has an influence on the economics of the country. So, the economics of that country depends on the government. The government can both incentive and protect their country from the foreign investment by law and regulation, tax barrier, etc. Our company has to study political system in the interested country before. The political syst em can be characterized into four types; Totalitarianism, Socialism, Democracy, and Mixed (strong private sector and strong public sector). All of these systems are directly related to economic, for example the totalitarianism is related with command economics, socialism with mixed economics, and the democracy links to freedom economic. Among of these economic systems the economic freedom is the most interesting, because of freedom and fair in right, our business will not intervene inequalities. They are many methodologies to analyze countries, but in this case I would like to suggest the PEST analysis. This tool is used for analyze the macro-environment of the external analysis. I think that this tool is the most suitable for our company in order to picking countries for investment because this tool will analyze in four dimensions, which are Political, Economic, Social, and Technology. All these four dimensions are related to the topic that I have already explained above. The po litical factor is about law and regulations. For the investors, it is importance to study about the law in that country before get into the country, be aware about violate the law. For the automobiles, it also has some restrictions or conditions for export the car into that country, for example in Thailand, the automobiles tax is 300%. The investors have to concern on this before set the price, if they set the price too high, no one cannot afford it. The economic factors have an impact on purchasing power of customer, which is directly related to the bosss listed. We should emphasize on the economic factors because of the luxury product. The next factor is social. It illustrates the demographic and culture, for example population growth rate, age distribute. These affect customer needs and size of potential market. Technology factors can reduce the entry barriers, minimum efficient production levels, and influence outsourcing decision. The last one is technology. It is importance fo r manufacturing. If we searching the country for manufacture, we should look at the technology potential, especially for the automobiles industry. This industry is directly related to the advanced in technology, research and development, and the changing in technology. In summary, I think that GDP can also be used to categories country but it would be better if we concern more on purchasing power priority (PPP). The result will be more accurately than using only GDP as the boss. If we would like to classify countries based on economic, I think that the emerging market economics is the most interesting market for investment, according to the growth in the middle age population which is the most powerful purchasing power, and the developing of the country. Investment in the international market is not easy, the company needs to aware of the risk in many dimension; economic, culture, country, and commercial. In order to select the country, concerning on only the economic side is not enough, we have to use others factor altogether. I think the most suitable methodology for piking countries is PEST analysis because this tool is using for the external and macro environment of countries. It also covers all of the risk factor that I mention above. Case 3: How relevant are the following factors in contributing to potential country risk: foreign investment laws, controls on operating forms and practices, laws regarding repatriation of income, environment and contracts. Answer The country risk includes political and legal risk. It indicates the potential of gain or loss of companys operations and profit in a country. The example of country risk is stability; riots, protests, wars, etc. Each country has different political and legal systems that challenges for company strategy and performance. In order to do the international business, for Aoki corporation, the country risk is one of many dimension that company need to consider because it will be the condition and barrier of company to get into and operate the business. If you did something violate the law, you will receive the punishment and cannot avoid it. Some countries are very welcome the foreign investors, they provided an incentive law and regulation for the foreigners to invest and operate in their countries. Some of them launch the law to prevent the profitability for their countries; set a high tariff barrier. The weak in enforcement of laws and regulation also challenged for company, because i t easily to violated and weak in punishments. The mostly problems for violating the trade laws is about the intellectual property. The country risk influence can be classify into two types; the systematic country risk, which affects all industries, all firms in a country, and unsystematic country risk, which affects only a subset of firms. Here is the country risk ranking from Euromoney country risk, March 2010. This racking include overall factor; political risk, economic performance, structural, debt indicators, credit rating, access to bank finance/capital markets. Country Risk Ranking Least risky countries, Score out of 100 Rank Previous Country Overall score 1 1 Norway 94.05 2 2 Luxembourg 92.35 3 3 Switzerland 90.65 4 4 Denmark 88.55 5 6 Finland 87.81 6 5 Sweden 86.81 7 7 Austria 86.50 8 11 Canada 86.09 9 8 Netherlands 84.86 10 9 Australia 84.16 36 43 China 72.6 Rank Previous Country Overall score 42 51 Brazil 69.58 43 50 Mexico 68.56 52 54 Russia 61.48 Source: Euromoney Country risk March 2010 This table illustrates the top 10 of the least-risky countries for investment and also the companys interested countries, which are China, Mexico, and Eastern Europe for manufacturing and Latin American and Europe for selling. You will see that mostly countries in Europe are in the top 10 of less-risky countries for investment. The companys interested countries are rating around middle. So these countries are not bad choice for investment. They are many relevant factors in contributing to potential risks that Aoki may encounter, which are foreign investment laws, controls on operating forms and practices, law regarding repatriation of income, environmental laws, and contracts laws. The foreign investment laws are the laws affect the type of firms entering strategy, their operations and performance. Each country has the difference reasons fo r restrictions, for example Canadas reason is to ensure net benefit to their own country, United Arab Emirates concern on economic and demographic, China are strictly controls over foreign direct investment and restricts foreign investment in some target industries. These are the examples of foreign investment laws in some countries from GAO summary and analysis of law and information. Selected Laws and Regulations Addressing Foreign Investment Restrictions Country Laws and regulations Reasons for review or restrictions China 2006 Regulations for Mergers and Acquisitions of Domestic Enterprises by Foreign Investors, Catalog for the Guidance of Foreign Investment Industries National economic security, protection of critical industries, purchase of famous trademarks or traditional Chinese brands Germany 2004 Amendment to 1961 Foreign Trade and Payments Act Ensure essential security interests, prevent disturbance of peaceful international coexistence or foreign relations India Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 National security and domestic, cultural, and economic concerns Japan 1991 Amendment to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act of 1949 National security, public order, public safety, or the economy Russia 1999 Federal Law on Foreign Investments Protection of foundations of the constitutional order, national defense and state security, anti-monopoly United Arab Emirates Agencies Law of 1981, Companies Law of 1984 Economic and demographic concerns United States Exon-Florio Amendment to the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended National security Source: https://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08320.pdf Controls on operating forms and practices by the Government, firms should perform and operate the production, marketing, and distribution activities follow the set of laws and regulations. For example, the federal Mexican government has a Foreign Investment Law dated December27, 1993. This law classified the economic activities limited list into seven categories. It has a difference restriction; such as petroleum, communication via satellite, etc. are reserved for the state. Some activities are required from the national commission on foreign investment, in order than foreign investment may exceed 49%, such as port service, legal service, insurance agencies. If we interested to manufacture in Mexico, we should study whether our business types are in the limited list, or not. Law regarding income repatriat ion related to the income and return on investment. This law has limited the amount of net income or dividends that firms can transfer back to their home-country. Some countries not allowed the foreign investor to transfer all of their income back to their home-country, they limited the amount that can transfer. So the investors have to reinvest in their host-country. This is the one method for control the money flow out. The exchange rate plays an important role in this transfer because it limits the ability of another country to transfer money. Environment laws in some countries are strictly. They issue laws to prevent and protect the natural resource affected, impacted, or endangered by human activities. Moreover this law also required to protect human health and safety. Nowadays many countries are aware of using natural resource, so they are a lot of laws, regulations, and agreement between countries concern on this problem. For example in Mexico, environmental standards enfo rced due to the fear of foreign investment reduce their resources; the Eastern and Central Europe have an organization worked as partner region to develop more effective environmental protection. The last factor is contract laws. The contract law is rule or regulation about the relationship of an agreement between two parties. There are five types of contracts; sales of goods or services, distribution of the firms products through foreign distributors, licensing and franchising, FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), and Joint ventures. The sale of goods or services is the conditions or restrictions for anyone who sells goods or services need to understand the implications and their responsibilities that they have under it. This law will states what you can sell, quality and quantity that can be reach. If it does not fit to the condition; low quality, the suppliers have to responsible for the problem. The distribution of the firms products through foreign distributors (export) is th e limitation of sending the products from home-country to sell in foreign. The limitation is depends on each county in order to protect their countrys benefited. For example China has been control the amount of rare earths element to export because this minerals are vital to the manufacture of high-tech products. If China exports more rare earth, it will be affected to the country as an alternative source for manufacturing high-tech products. Licensing is the term of contract law between two entities, one entity is called Licensor and another is called Licensee. The Licensor from one country will allow the Licensee in another country to use the same manufacturing, branding, intellectual property, knowhow, or any related thing in the business process. The licensee also has authority to operate business by itself. The franchising is also similar to licensing which is the corporation between two parties; one is called Franchisor, another one is called Franchisee. The franchisor is the owner of trade mark and the business process in foreigner and franchisee is the person who received the right in doing business in the country. The franchisee have to operate the business under control of franchisor, which difference from licensing. The example of successful franchising is McDonald. In Europe, they do not adopt a uniform franchise disclosure policy, unlike the USA. The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is an international strategy in which the firm invests and establishes abroad in order to acquire the resources or raw materials such as equipment, labor, technology, plant, and land. It also requires a business relationship between a parent company and its foreign subsidiary. The joint venture is a type of agreement that two or more parties joining together for the business purpose. Normally join between the foreign company and the local company which has capabilities and resources. All parties agree to share in the losses and profits together. The joint venture can ch aracterize in to two types; equity joint venture and contractual joint venture. According to the divided in profitabilities, makes them difference; contractual joint venture are divided according to negotiated contract term. But the equity joint ventures are divided in proportion to equity shares invested by the parties. In China, most joint ventures are the equity joint venture. In conclusion, the country risk is one of the factors that company need to concern. It is importance of company to deal with the country. Before we start to do international business, company has to study more in this risk. It is the challenged for company because in each country has the difference in policies, laws, and regulations. To be successful is not easy, but it also too difficult for us. The country risk factors include foreign investment laws, controls on operating forms and practices, laws regarding repatriation of income, environment and contracts. As I have already explained above, these poi nts can be our weapon to fight in the market if we use it in the right way. In contrast, it can make our company to loose, if we do not know it as well. If Aoki would like to invest for manufacture the products, the laws that we have to pay more attentions are the laws for manufacturing, the environmental laws, and the control and operation in those countries. If the company interested to expand only the sales, they need to study more about the income repatriation, and the contract law; FDI, licensing, export, joint venture, which is the most suitable for company and the condition in each countries.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Strucutral functionalism is a form of functional analysis. Functional analysis (or functionalism) is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. In fact, many of the early giants of sociology, such as Spencer, Comte, and Durkheim were functionalists. Essentially, this perspective sees society as comprised of many parts that contribute in unique ways to the operation of the whole society. The way I explain this to my class is to think of a clock. What makes a clock a clock? First, you have to have certain parts, such as hands, gears, springs, and a power source. But this is not enough. You have to put the parts together, of course. Still, however, you may not have a clock because you cannot put the parts together in any wayÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Subsequent thinkers have described different versions of conflict theory; a common theme is that different social groups have unequal power, though all groups struggle for the same limited resources. Conflict theory has been used to explain diverse human behavior, such as educational practices that either sustain or challenge the status quo, cultural customs regarding the elderly, and criminal behavior. http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/conflict-theory-49 Social conflict theory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within society have differing amounts of material and non-material resources (the wealthy vs. the poor) and that the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit groups with less power. The two methods by which this exploitation is done are through brute force usually done by police and the army and economics. Earlier social conflict theorists argue that money is the mechanism which creates social disorder. The theory further states that society is created from ongoing social conflict between various groups. There are other theories of deviance, the functionalist theory, the control theory and the strain theory. It also refers to various types of positive social interaction that may occur within social relationships. A homeless American.Show MoreRelatedThe Theory Of Human Actions, Decisions, Behavior, And Other External Elements Essay967 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinteractionism, functionalism, and conflict theory. Each played key roles in establishing the levels and focuses of analysis that are used in applying the three theoretical perspectives to the study of human actions, decisions, behavior, and other external elements, which can be explained not only by analyzing the individual scenario, but also by analyzing the context in which that individual is placed. Although all three theories are interconnected and important in sociology, the theory that is most usefulRead MoreSociological Theories Essay1185 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat one theory can explain something that another cannot. 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Both born in the late nineteenth century and living well into the first part of the 20th century, affording each an opportunity to experience radical industrial growth, political and economic upheaval, and the first great international war. Despite these similarities, each theoristRead MoreThe Conflict Perspective O n Class Struggles1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrelationship based on biology, marriage, or adoption. The conflict perspective refers to the inequalities that exist in all societies. The conflict perspective originated from out of Karl MaxÃ¢â¬â¢s writings on class struggles. This perspective presents society in a different light than do the functionalist and symbolic interactionist perspectives. This perspective focuses on the negative, conflicted, and ever-changing nature of society. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
CONTENTS I. Introduction 3 Company background 3 History 3 Position 4 Vision 5 Mission 5 Goal 5 Management 5 II. Strategic Analysis 5 2.1 External analysis 5 2.1.1 PESTE 5 Political analysis 5 Economic analysis 7 Socio-cultural analysis 9 Technological analysis 10 Ecological analysis 12 2.1.2 5-force 2.2 Internal analysis 17 Value chain 17 2.3 SWOT 21 2.4 Options 24 2.5 Vietnam Airliness doing 25 III. Recommendation 28 IV. Conclusion 30 V. Reference 30 Group members: * * 1. Ã Ã o ThÃ¡ »â¹ MÃ¡ » ¹ HÃ¡ º ¡nh BABAIU13076 2. Park Do Hyun BABAUN13080 * 3. NguyÃ¡ »â¦n ThÃ¡ »â¹ HoÃ i BABAIU13090 * 4. NguyÃ¡ »â¦n LÃ ª PhÃ °Ã ¡ng Khanh BABAIU13107 * 5. Ã Ã¡ »â" ThÃ¡ »â¹ Thanh Hoa BABAIU13089Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (84 4) 38722375 Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . www.vietnamairlines.com Logo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History January 1956, when the Vietnam Civil Aviation Department was established by the Government, marking the birth of the civil aviation industry in Vietnam. At that time, the fleet was small with only five aircraft which started to serve domestic flights in September 1956. April 1993, Vietnam Airlines was officially established as the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s national flag carrier. 27th May 1995, Vietnam Airlines Corporation was born with the gathering of 20 aviation enterprises and the airline itself as the core business. 20th October 2002, Vietnam Airlines introduced the new logo of the Golden Lotus and corporate identity that symbolized its dramatic progress towards becoming a world-class airline. The launch represented a complete repositioning and brand strategy of Vietnam Airlines, coupled with significant improvements in its infrastructure, operations and fleet. The delivery of its first own Ã¢â¬Å"state-of-the-artÃ¢â¬ B777 in 2003 also marked a true revolution in the airlineÃ¢â¬â¢s fleet modernization. Nowadays, Vietnam Airlines operates one of the most modern fleets in the region with the average age of the fleet is 5.4 years. With world-class Airline, for 20 years of development at an average annual growth rate consistently in double-digit number, the national flag carrier has markedShow MoreRelatedVietjet Aviation Joint Stock Company, Known As Vietjet1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVietjet Aviation Joint Stock Company, known as Vietjet Air, belongs to a biggest private and LCC low-cost carrier in Vietnam. Over the years its operation it has quickly won passengersÃ¢â¬â¢ hearts to become the most favourite airline in Vietnam and in the region (Routesonline, 2017). 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The airline serves as a symbol of national pride after the formation of Malaysia in 1963, and continues to operate to this day. Following the tumultuous events in recent times, the government carrier has tragically suffered two fatal blows to their brand reputation. Arbitrary missing flights as well as missile shootings forced the company to rethink its strategies. Strengths - Appealing to a large global marketRead MoreSWOT analysis of LOT AIRLINES Essay1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWorld Connect Airlines Distribution Strategy November 2nd to 4th 2011 Hotel Fairmont Ã¢â¬â Raffles Singapore Program May 25th 2011 Supported by: www.apg-ga.com Held in: The Network for Airline Services Dear Airline Commercial Executives, We invite you to attend the 2011 APG WORLD CONNECT conference, as our guests, to be held this year in Singapore, November 2nd to 4th at the famous Fairmont/Raffles Hotel. 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This was until another new company bought the organization. The latter company was referred to as Tune Air. The important element discussed in this content, is how the C.E.O of AirAsia, Antony Fernandes, revolutionized the company to a multi-billion dollar corporation, that is operating global airline services and has managed to set standardsRead MoreThe Development of AirAsia Airlines: How They Apply Blue Ocean Strategy1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAirAsia airlines: How they apply Blue Ocean Strategy From the article that I have read recently by Rizal Ahmad in Asian Journal of Management Cases, he described the development of Air Asia Malaysia from 2005 to 2008. Within only four years, AirAsia managed to expand its operations into another ten countries. This article also documents Air Asias marketing strategy and its approach towards market development and product development. 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Question: Discuss about the Appraisal Reportfor Green or Sustainable Development. Answer: Green or sustainable development is the process of meeting developmental goal by preserving the natural resource and ecosystem to sustain economical and social benefits from it. The concept of green economy or the sustainable development has been the ambitious goal of international community since the UN conference of 1992. The conference on Environment and Development called upon the government of different countries to develop policies and strategies for sustainable development. The implementations of these policies are challenged by issues of food and financial crisis and other ecological limits in different countries ("Green Economy : Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform"). The purpose of this appraisal report is to determine whether the concept of sustainable development can contribute to or retract from real estate values. It discusses the impact of sustainable development on real estate values to finally come to the conclusion of its positive or negative effect for real estate goals. The focus on green or sustainable development is high due to the clear scientific evidence on climate change and serious global risk caused due to adverse impact of climate change. Sustainable development is possible through certain themes like presence of a political system that promotes citizen participation in decision making, an economic system that generates surpluses on regular basis, a social system that prevent disharmony and a productive system based on ecological foundation of development (Ahi and Searcy). This entire motive can be successful only when an international system develops policies to modify the pattern of trade and the administrative facility takes flexible steps to preserve the natural ecosystem. The main impact of this sustainable development on real estate values can be seen from the research study by Zhang (2015) who analyzes the implications of green real estate development for reducing the impacts on environment and society. It gave positive implications of reforming real estate values by focus on environmental aspects of building properties. Sustainable development can add value to a property and the work on efficiency of a building helps to maintain and balance the resource needs of a growing population. In the field of real estate construction, the strategies employed for management of environmental resource can help to generate values for the property and use pricing techniques to gain maximum profit. The preservation of environment through taxation on negative environmental effects can go a long way in achieving the goal of sustainable development and bring change in resource allocation (Zorio et al.). Besides this value of a real estate property can be increased by the presence of a clear and protected property rights. The link between environmental policy and poverty alleviation can be strengthened by investment on energy efficient facilities in real estates. This initiative can promote the culture of sustainability among real estate investors (Veleva et al.). Another research literature investigated the relationship between sustainable development and property values in commercial real estate to get insight into feature that can enhance the valuation of property. A survey on perception of stakeholder in real estate industry showed that they support the importance of sustainable factors in property values and its direct relation with the expected financial performance of the property (Zao andZhao.). As the awareness of consumer regarding ill effects of climate change is increasing, they have begun to pay attention to Green mark certified building. Due to the social benefit evident in such buildings, this social benefit is also slowly translating to financial benefits for real estate business. In real estate valuation practice, the continued focus on sustainability features is needed to transform into a society with holistic development (Edwards and Naboni). Hence, high prioritization of sustainability in real sector is necessary to achieve a balance between economy, environment and society. The value of buildings and properties which reflects sustainable development is going on increasing because design and management of such building has played a vital role in reducing the impact of construction on environmental resource. Greater awareness among the investors regarding the issue of sustainability will bring target countries closer to the realization of sustainable development goals. A building construction lead to energy consumption, water usage, raw material consumption and generation of solid land fill waste. This creates a lot of ecological imbalance in the affected areas (GhaffarianHoseini et al.). Although real estate sector fail to understand this, but those who makes progress in building design and construction techniques are appreciated for their actions. This comes in the way of word-of-mouth praise as well as financial benefit. The range of benefits of green building and construction for real estate sector is that it has helped to reduce operating cost, promo te CSR (corporate social responsibility initiative), increase productivity and retain new tenants. Therefore, sustainable development approach in real estate sector is market-driven and this approach has great financial viability in real estate too (Berardi et al.). The analysis of the economics of green building reveals that the increase in green development and unpredictability in property market has not affected the values or return in investment of real estate. It gives the indication that any form of investment in energy-efficient building can contribute to the values of real estate and getting premium rents in lieu of the sustainability features in building (Eichholtz et al.). Therefore, green building can fully contribute to the rent and asset values in real estate business. From the detailed appraisal report evaluating the impact of green or sustainable development on the real estate values, it can be concluded that building construction with a focus on sustainable development has contributed to the value of real estate. It has helped real estate sector to balance environment, society and financial goals and achieve sustainable development goals. The essay discussed the key themes of sustainable development and the method through which sustainability initiative can be implemented. Furthermore analysis of recent literature regarding the impact of sustainable development on real estate valued revealed that this strategy is useful for realization of financial goals in real estate business as well as exhibit the corporate social responsibility in business. With the increase in stakeholder awareness of sustainability issues, the design and construction of green building is getting value for its efforts and they are also being appreciated for the realization of negative impact of construction on environment. Due to this realization only, they are coming up with new construction design and raw materials in the construction phase. Reference Ahi, Payman, and Cory Searcy. "A comparative literature analysis of definitions for green and sustainable supply chain management."Journal of Cleaner Production52 (2013): 329-341. Berardi, Umberto, AmirHosein GhaffarianHoseini, and Ali GhaffarianHoseini. "State-of-the-art analysis of the environmental benefits of green roofs."Applied Energy115 (2014): 411-428. Edwards, Brian W., and Emanuele Naboni.Green buildings pay: Design, productivity and ecology. Routledge, 2013. Eichholtz, Piet, Nils Kok, and John M. Quigley. "The economics of green building."Review of Economics and Statistics95.1 (2013): 50-63. GhaffarianHoseini, AmirHosein, et al. "Sustainable energy performances of green buildings: A review of current theories, implementations and challenges."Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews25 (2013): 1-17. "Green Economy .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform".Sustainabledevelopment.Un.Org, 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics/greeneconomy. Veleva, Vesela, et al. "Understanding and addressing business needs and sustainability challenges: lessons from Devens eco-industrial park."Journal of Cleaner Production87 (2015): 375-384. Zhang, Xiaoling. "Green real estate development in China: State of art and prospect agendaA review."Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews47 (2015): 1-13. Zorio, Ana, Maria A. Garca?Benau, and Laura Sierra. "Sustainability development and the quality of assurance reports: Empirical evidence."Business strategy and the environment22.7 (2013): 484-500. Zuo, Jian, and Zhen-Yu Zhao. "Green building researchcurrent status and future agenda: A review."Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews30 (2014): 271-281.